End-joining of reconstituted histone H2AX-containing chromatin in vitro by soluble nuclear proteins from human cells

Joseph S. Siino, Igor B. Nazarov, Irina A. Zalenskaya, Peter M. Yau, E. Morton Bradbury, Nikolai V. Tomilin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Non-homologous end-joining is an important pathway for the repair of DNA double-strand breaks. This type of DNA break is followed by the rapid phosphorylation of Ser-139 in the histone variant H2AX to form γ-H2AX. Here we report efficient in vitro end-joining of reconstituted chromatin containing nucleosomes made with either H2A or H2AX. This reaction is catalyzed by nuclear extracts from human cells and this end-joining is not suppressed by the PI-3 kinase inhibitor wortmannin. During the end-joining reaction H2AX is phosphorylated at Ser-139 as detected by immunoblot with specific antibodies and this phosphorylation is inhibited by wortmannin. Therefore, in vitro the DNA end-joining reaction appears to be independent of H2AX phosphorylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-108
Number of pages4
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume527
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 11 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA end-joining
  • Histone H2AX
  • Phosphorylation
  • Reconstituted chromatin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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