End-host architecture for QoS-adaptive communication

Tarek Abdelzaher, Kang G. Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Proliferation of communication-intensive real-time applications with «elastic» timeliness constraints such as streaming stored video, requires a new design for end-host communication subsystems. The design should (i) provide per-flow or per-service-class guarantees, (ii) maximize the aggregate utility of the communication service across all clients, (iii) gracefully adapt to transient overload, and (iv) avoid, if possible, starving lower-priority service classes during the period of sustained overload. The authors propose a QoS-optimization algorithm and communication subsystem architecture that satisfy the above requirements. It provides each client its contracted QoS, while adapting gracefully to transient overload and resource shortage. A new concept of flexible QoS contract is introduced, specifying multiple acceptable levels of service (or QoS levels for short) and their corresponding rewards for each client. Allowing clients to specify multiple QoS levels permits the server to perform QoS-optimization and degrade client's QoS under transient overload predictable, as specified in the QoS contract. Clients receive a money-back guarantee if the contracted QoS is violated by the server. The proposed resource-management mechanism maximizes server's total reward under resource constraints. They implemented and evaluated the architecture on a Pentium-based PC platform running under The Open Group (TOG) MK7.2 kernel, demonstrating the capability of the communication subsystem in meeting its design goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number683195
Pages (from-to)121-130
Number of pages10
JournalReal-Time Technology and Applications - Proceedings
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998
Externally publishedYes
Event4th IEEE Real-Time Technology and Applications Symposium, RTAS 1998 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Jun 3 1998Jun 5 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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