Encoding processes in the storage and retrieval of sentences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Describes 2 experiments with 48 and 37 undergraduates in which ss attempted to recall each subject noun in a series of once exposed sentences, given the verbatim predicate or its paraphrase. Groups that received imagery instructions recalled 21/2 times as many words as a group that received oral repetition instructions. However, the conditional probability of correct recall on a paraphrase item, given correct recall on the verbatim item based on the same sentence, was nearly as high in the repetition group (.83) as in the imagery groups (.92). This suggests that the storage of sentences usually entails semantic encoding. Nonetheless, performance on verbatim items was consistently better than performance on paraphrase items, a fact not attributable to recall from a short-term, phonological store and probably not to inexactness of paraphrasing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-340
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1971


  • sentence storage & retrieval, oral repetition vs. imagery instructions, evidence for phonological vs. semantic encoding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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