EMR4, a novel epidermal growth factor (EGF)-TM7 molecule up-regulated in activated mouse macrophages, binds to a putative cellular ligand on B lymphoma cell line A20.

Martin Stacey, Gin Wen Chang, Stephanie L. Sanos, Laura R. Chittenden, Lisa Stubbs, Siamon Gordon, Hsi Hsien Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel member of the EGF-TM7 family, mEMR4, was identified and characterized. The full-length mouse EMR4 cDNA encodes a predicted 689-amino acid protein containing two epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like modules, a mucin-like spacer domain, and a seven-transmembrane domain with a cytoplasmic tail. Genetic mapping established that mEMR4 is localized in the distal region of mouse chromosome 17 in close proximity to another EGF-TM7 gene, F4/80 (Emr1). Similar to F4/80, mEMR4 is predominantly expressed on resident macrophages. However, a much lower expression level was also detected in thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal neutrophils and bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. The expression of mEMR4 is up-regulated following macrophage activation in Biogel and thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages. Similarly, mEMR4 is over-expressed in TNF-alpha-treated resident peritoneal macrophages, whereas interleukin-4 and -10 dramatically reduce the expression. mEMR4 was found to undergo proteolytic processing within the extracellular stalk region resulting in two protein subunits associated noncovalently as a heterodimer. The proteolytic cleavage site was identified by N-terminal amino acid sequencing and located at the conserved GPCR (G protein-coupled receptor) proteolytic site in the extracellular region. Using multivalent biotinylated mEMR4-mFc fusion proteins as a probe, a putative cell surface ligand was identified on a B lymphoma cell line, A20, in a cell-binding assay. The mEMR4-ligand interaction is Ca2+-independent and is mediated predominantly by the second EGF-like module. mEMR4 is the first EGF-TM7 receptor known to mediate the cellular interaction between myeloid cells and B cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29283-29293
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Volume277
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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