Emotional Experience and Expression in Schizophrenia and Depression

Howard Berenbaum, Thomas F. Oltmanns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The emotional responses of schizophrenic, depressed, and normal subjects and whether differences in the emotional responding of these groups depended on how emotional responses were elicited or measured were examined. Twenty-three blunted and 20 nonblunted schizophrenics, 17 unipolar depressed subjects, and 20 normal subjects were exposed to a series of affect-eliciting stimuli. The stimuli varied in valence (positive vs. negative) and in level of cognitive demand. Subjects reported their subjective experiences, and their facial expressions were videotaped. Blunted schizophrenics were the least facially expressive, although their reported subjective experiences did not differ from those of the other groups. The nonblunted schizophrenics were more responsive than the depressed subjects to the positive stimuli, although the two groups did not differ in their clinical ratings of affective flatness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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