Emergent roles and collaborative discourse over time

Catherine Dornfeld, Sadhana Puntambekar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

CSCL environments are intended to foster equal participation even when student roles are not assigned. However, roles may spontaneously emerge and result in distributed participation during collaboration, especially when students share and manage a single technology resource. We investigated how group discourse shaped emergent roles in a collaborative small group over the course of a 12-week science curriculum with simulated science experiments. Group members showed patterns in their discourse contributions in terms of content, function, and initiation and uptake of discourse topics. The emergence of these patterns stimulated role differentiation and stabilization. Conceptual discussion appeared to improve learning gains, while prioritization of task management detracted from learning. By tracking group discourse patterns, we can observe the process of role emergence in face-toface CSCL interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExploring the Material Conditions of Learning
Subtitle of host publicationComputer Supported Collaborative Learning Conference 2015, CSCL 2015 - Conference Proceedings
EditorsOskar Lindwall, Paivi Hakkinen, Timothy Koschmann, Pierre Tchounikine, Sten Ludvigsen
PublisherInternational Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS)
Pages380-387
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780990355069
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event11th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning: Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning, CSCL 2015 - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: Jun 7 2015Jun 11 2015

Publication series

NameComputer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL
Volume1
ISSN (Print)1573-4552

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning: Exploring the Material Conditions of Learning, CSCL 2015
CountrySweden
CityGothenburg
Period6/7/156/11/15

Keywords

  • Collaboration
  • Discourse
  • Emergent
  • Learning outcomes
  • Roles
  • Spontaneous

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Education

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