In computational models of particle packings with periodic boundary conditions, it is assumed that the packing is attached to exact copies of itself in all possible directions. The periodicity of the boundary then requires that all of the particles' images move together. An infinitely repeated structure, on the other hand, does not necessarily have this constraint. As a consequence, a jammed packing (or a rigid elastic network) under periodic boundary conditions may have a corresponding infinitely repeated lattice representation that is not rigid or indeed may not even be at a local energy minimum. In this manuscript, we prove this claim and discuss ways in which periodic boundary conditions succeed in capturing the physics of repeated structures and where they fall short.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics