The self-similar tree topology in open dissipative systems is formed as a result of self-organization and found in various examples, such as river networks, blood vessels, vascular organizations in plants, and even lightning. It is generally assumed that the tree organization is a result of a dynamic process that minimizes the dissipation of energy. Here, we argue that inherent randomness is a sufficient condition for the generation of tree patterns under evolutionary dynamics and the decrease of energy expenditure is not the cause but a consequent signature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-37
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008


  • Complex networks
  • Landscape evolution
  • Pattern formation
  • Self-organization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General


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