Emergence and expansion of novel pathogenic reassortant strains of infectious bursal disease virus causing acute outbreaks of the disease in Europe

Anna Pikuła, Krzysztof Śmietanka, Lester J. Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is the aetiological agent of a highly contagious chicken immunodeficiency disorder known as Gumboro disease, which cause severe economic loses to the poultry worldwide. The emergence of very virulent IBDV strains (vvIBDV) during the late 80s resulted in drastic changes to the epidemiology of IBDV with a dramatic increase in the mortality of the animals affected. Molecular studies determined that the emergence of the vvIBDV was a consequence of a genomic reorganization of IBDV known as reassortant event by which the virus combined two emergent genetic background vvIBDV for segment A and vvIBDV for segment B. In the current study, a retrospective analysis was conducted, and samples collected during acute outbreaks of Gumboro disease in Poland during 1992–2015 were submitted to sequencing and further molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The results obtained not only revealed a high genetic diversity for Polish IBDV strains but a new population of IBDV was identified. These novel reassortant strains with a unique genetic background contain the segment A from very virulent strains and segment B from an unidentified source, phylogenetically segregated and classified as ‘transitional lineage’. The results obtained also showed the presence of this new lineage in Finland, evidencing the expansion of this new genomic reorganized viral strain in Europe representing an additional threat to the global situation of IBDV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • infectious bursal disease virus
  • new lineage
  • phylogenetic analysis
  • reassortant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)

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