Embedded Coil Sensors to Investigate the Deformation Behavior of Airfield Pavement Unbound Aggregate Base Courses

Mingu Kang, Han Wang, Erol Tutumluer, Issam I.A. Qamhia, Wilfredo Villafane, Navneet Garg, Scott Murrell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents findings from the ongoing Construction Cycle 9 tests at Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) National Airport Pavement Test Facility (NAPTF) with the objective to investigate full-scale flexible pavement test section performance trends under realistic traffic loading with gear/wheel load wander. Inductive coil sensor technology was adopted to investigate the deformation behavior of unbound aggregate base layers instrumented with arrays of coil sensors installed through the full depth. A dual-wheel tridem-axle (3D) gear configuration applied 58,000-lb (26.3-ton) wheel loads to the test sections with a wander pattern consisting of 66 passes arranged in nine lateral wander positions. Throughout the 26,400 passes applied during the traffic testing, permanent deformation trends with depth were collected and analyzed. The depths at which minimum and maximum deformations took place were determined according to the 3 in. (76 mm) vertical intervals measured by vertical coil pairs. Study findings are quite revealing when analyzing the aggregate base course deformations, in comparison to the overall pavement surface deformations, which could identify damage mechanisms in such thick airfield granular layers and help to evaluate thickness design requirements to effectively protect the subgrade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDesign, Construction, Condition Evaluation, and Management of Pavement
EditorsNavneet Garg, Amit Bhasin, Julie M. Vandenbossche
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Pages329-339
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9780784484890
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event2023 International Conference on Airfield and Highway Pavements - Austin, United States
Duration: Jun 14 2023Jun 17 2023

Publication series

NameAirfield and Highway Pavements 2023: Design, Construction, Condition Evaluation, and Management of Pavements - Selected Papers from the International Airfield and Highway Pavements Conference 2023
Volume1

Conference

Conference2023 International Conference on Airfield and Highway Pavements
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAustin
Period6/14/236/17/23

Keywords

  • Accelerated Pavement Testing
  • Airfield Pavement
  • Coil Sensors
  • Pavement Instrumentation
  • Permanent Deformation
  • Unbound Aggregates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Building and Construction

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