Elements of High School Service Learning Programs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Service learning is a form of pedagogy that enables students to address the school curriculum through service to the community. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted to define the key elements of high school service learning programs and describe empirical investigations focused on the elements. Twelve elements emerged from 62 articles. The elements most frequently discussed were (a) student participation, (b) action, and (c) reflection. Least mentioned were (a) student assessment and program evaluation and (b) celebration. This study suggests the need for a consistent definition of service learning, investigation of methods for including students with disabilities and students at risk, validation of the elements with practitioners, and empirical research to examine the relationship between elements and student outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-47
Number of pages11
JournalCareer Development for Exceptional Individuals
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 2008


  • disabilities
  • high school
  • instruction
  • service learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Elements of High School Service Learning Programs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this