We report on electronic transport measurements of dual-gated nanodevices of the low-carrier density topological insulator (TI) Bi1.5Sb0.5Te1.7Se1.3. In all devices, the upper and lower surface states are independently tunable to the Dirac point by the top and bottom gate electrodes. In thin devices, electric fields are found to penetrate through the bulk, indicating finite capacitive coupling between the surface states. A charging model allows us to use the penetrating electric field as a measurement of the intersurface capacitance CTI and the surface state energy-density relationship μ(n), which is found to be consistent with independent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements. At high magnetic fields, increased field penetration through the surface states is observed, strongly suggestive of the opening of a surface state band gap due to broken time-reversal symmetry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)