Electrophysiological Correlates of Brain Health Help Diagnose Epilepsy and Lateralize Seizure Focus

Yogatheesan Varatharajah, Brent Berry, Boney Joseph, Irena Balzekas, Vaclav Kremen, Benjamin Brinkmann, Gregory Worrell, Ravishankar Iyer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The absence of epileptiform activity in a scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) recorded from a potential epilepsy patient can cause delays in clinical care delivery. Here we present a machine-learning-based approach to find evidence for epilepsy in scalp EEGs that do not contain any epileptiform activity, according to expert visual review (i.e., normal EEGs). We found that deviations in the EEG features representing brain health, such as the alpha rhythm, can indicate the potential for epilepsy and help lateralize seizure focus, even when commonly recognized epileptiform features are absent. Hence, we developed a machine-learning-based approach that utilizes alpha-rhythm-related features to classify 1) whether an EEG was recorded from an epilepsy patient, and 2) if so, the seizure-generating side of the patient's brain. We evaluated our approach using normal scalp EEGs of 48 patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy and 144 healthy individuals, and a naive Bayes classifier achieved area under ROC curve (AUC) values of 0.81 and 0.72 for the two classification tasks, respectively. These findings suggest that our methodology is useful in the absence of interictal epileptiform activity and can enhance the probability of diagnosing epilepsy at the earliest possible time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3460-3464
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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