Electronic transport in a two-dimensional superlattice engineered via self-assembled nanostructures

Yingjie Zhang, Youngseok Kim, Matthew J. Gilbert, Nadya Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nanoscience offers a unique opportunity to design modern materials from the bottom up via low-cost, solution processed assembly of nanoscale building blocks. These systems promise electronic band structure engineering using not only the nanoscale structural modulation, but also the mesoscale spatial patterning, although experimental realization of the latter has been challenging. Here, we design and fabricate a new type of artificial solid by stacking graphene on a self-assembled, nearly periodic array of nanospheres, and experimentally observe superlattice miniband effects. We find conductance dips at commensurate fillings of charge carriers per superlattice unit cell, which are key features of minibands that are induced by the quasi-periodic deformation of the graphene lattice. These dips become stronger when the lattice strain is larger. Using a tight-binding model, we simulate the effect of lattice deformation as a parameter affecting the inter-atomic hopping integral, and confirm the superlattice transport behavior. This 2D material-nanoparticle heterostructure enables facile band structure engineering via self-assembly, promising for large-area electronics and optoelectronics applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number31
Journalnpj 2D Materials and Applications
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Band structure
Graphene
Nanostructures
Nanoscience
Nanospheres
graphene
Charge carriers
electronics
engineering
Optoelectronic devices
Self assembly
Heterojunctions
Electronic equipment
Modulation
Nanoparticles
self assembly
charge carriers
assembly
modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Electronic transport in a two-dimensional superlattice engineered via self-assembled nanostructures. / Zhang, Yingjie; Kim, Youngseok; Gilbert, Matthew J.; Mason, Nadya.

In: npj 2D Materials and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 1, 31, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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