We develop a method for calculating the fundamental electronic gap of semiconductors and insulators using grand canonical quantum Monte Carlo simulations. We discuss the origin of the bias introduced by supercell calculations of finite size and show how to correct the leading and subleading finite size errors either based on observables accessible in the finite-sized simulations or from density-functional theory calculations. Our procedure is applied to carbon, silicon, and molecular hydrogen crystals, and compared to experiment for carbon and silicon.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics