Dibromothymoquinone (2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone) is reputed to be a plastoquinone antagonist which prevents the photoreduction of hydrophilic oxidants such as ferredoxin-NADP+. However, we have found that dibromothymoquinone inhibits only a small part of the photoreduction of lipophilic oxidants such as oxidized p-phenylenediamine. Dibromothymoquinone-resistant photoreduction reactions are coupled to phosphorylation, about 0.4 molecules of ATP consistently being formed for every pair of electrons transported. Dibromothymoquinone itself is a lipophilic oxidant which can be photoreduced by chloroplasts, then reoxidized by ferricyanide or oxygen. The electron transport thus catalysed also supports phosphorylation and the P e2 ratio is again 0.4. It is concluded that there is a site of phosphorylation before the dibromothymoquinone block and another site of phosphorylation after the block. The former site must be associated with electron transfer reactions near Photosystem II, while the latter site is presumably associated with the transfer of electrons from plastoquinone to cytochrome f.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology