Electron transfer mechanism of biocathode in a bioelectrochemical system coupled with chemical absorption for NO removal

Jingkai Zhao, Chunyan Zhang, Cheng Sun, Wei Li, Shihan Zhang, Sujing Li, Dongxiao Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A biocathode with the function of Fe(III)EDTA and Fe(II)EDTA-NO reduction was applied in a microbial electrolysis cell coupled with chemical absorption for NO removal from flue gas. As the mediated electron transfer was excluded by the same electrochemical characterizations of the biocathodes before and after a 48 h continuous operation, the profiles of reduction experiments indicated that direct electron transfer was the main mechanism of Fe(III)EDTA reduction, while Fe(III)EDTA-NO was mainly reduced via Fe(II)-assisted autotrophic denitrification. The microscopy of the biocathode confirmed the existence of pili, which was supposed to be bacterial nanowires for electron transfer. The analysis of microbial community revealed that iron-reducing bacteria, including Escherichia coli, had the possibility of electron uptake from electrode via physical contact. These results first time gave us in-depth understanding of the electron transfer in the multifunctional biocathode and mechanism for further enhancement of the bioreduction processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-22
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume254
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial nanowires
  • Biocathode
  • Direct electron transfer
  • Fe(II)-assisted autotrophic denitrification
  • Microbial community
  • NO removal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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