Electromagnetism on anisotropic fractal media

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Basic equations of electromagnetic fields in anisotropic fractal media are obtained using a dimensional regularization approach. First, a formulation based on product measures is shown to satisfy the four basic identities of the vector calculus. This allows a generalization of the Green-Gauss and Stokes theorems as well as the charge conservation equation on anisotropic fractals. Then, pursuing the conceptual approach, we derive the Faraday and Ampère laws for such fractal media, which, along with two auxiliary null-divergence conditions, effectively give the modified Maxwell equations. Proceeding on a separate track, we employ a variational principle for electromagnetic fields, appropriately adapted to fractal media, so as to independently derive the same forms of these two laws. It is next found that the parabolic (for a conducting medium) and the hyperbolic (for a dielectric medium) equations involve modified gradient operators, while the Poynting vector has the same form as in the non-fractal case. Finally, Maxwell's electromagnetic stress tensor is reformulated for fractal systems. In all the cases, the derived equations for fractal media depend explicitly on fractal dimensions in three different directions and reduce to conventional forms for continuous media with Euclidean geometries upon setting these each of dimensions equal to unity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-390
Number of pages10
JournalZeitschrift fur Angewandte Mathematik und Physik
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Ampère's law
  • Anisotropy Electromagnetism
  • Electromagnetic energy
  • Faraday's law
  • Fractal media
  • Maxwell's equations
  • Variational principle
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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