Electrochemical interfaces for chemical and biomolecular separations

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The design of molecularly selective interfaces can lead to efficient electrochemically-mediated separation processes. The fast growing development of electroactive materials has resulted in new electroresponsive adsorbents and membranes, with enhanced selectivity, higher uptake capacities, and improved energy performance. Here, we review progress on the interfacial design for electrochemical separations, with a focus on chemical and biological applications. We discuss the development of new electrode materials and the underlying mechanisms for selective molecular binding, highlighting areas of growing interest such as metal recovery, waste recycling, gas purification, and protein separations. Finally, we emphasize the need for integration between molecular level interface design and electrochemical engineering for the development of more efficient separation processes. We envision that electrochemical separations can play a key role towards the electrification of the chemical industry and contribute towards new approaches for process intensification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-93
Number of pages17
JournalCurrent Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science
StatePublished - Apr 2020


  • Bioseparations
  • Electrochemical separations
  • Electrosorption
  • Interfacial design
  • Metal recovery
  • Molecular selectivity
  • Recycling
  • Redox-polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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