Electric field effect on insulating cuprate planes

Seongshik Oh, Maitri Warusawithana, James N. Eckstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have studied field effect doping of nearly insulating p-type CuO 2 planes in single crystal transistor heterostructures. By using a high εr epitaxial SrTiO3 dielectric layer, a wide range of doping control is obtained, from -0.40 to 0.15 carriers/Cu (or ∼ 1014 carriers/cm2). While a considerable field effect is observed for carrier depletion, the induced holes are completely localized even up to carrier density levels far beyond the bulk insulator-to-superconductor transition value. This implies that large induced carrier density and single crystalline interface is not a sufficient condition for electric field induced insulator-to-superconductor transition for cuprates. We show that the induced carriers are almost confined to the top single CuO2 plane and propose that two-dimensional confinement introduces this localization. Understanding and overcoming this localization behavior is a serious challenge to any attempt to use electric field to induce superconductivity in insulating cuprates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064509
Pages (from-to)064509-1-064509-5
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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