Elastohydrodynamic properties of biobased heat-bodied oils

Girma Biresaw, Brajendra K. Sharma, Grigor B. Bantchev, Todd L. Kurth, Kenneth M. Doll, Sevim Z. Erhan, Bidhya Kunwar, John W. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Heat-bodied oils were prepared by thermal treatment of soybean oil under inert atmosphere. Different viscosity grades of heat-bodied oils synthesized by varying the reaction time were investigated for various properties including viscosity, viscosity index, elastohydrodynamic film thickness, and pressure-viscosity coefficient. Heat-bodied oils displayed elastohydrodynamic film thickness characteristics typical of lubricating oils. The film thickness of heat-bodied oils increased with increasing entrainment speed and viscosity, decreased with increasing temperature, and was unchanged with varying load. Pressure-viscosity coefficients of heat-bodied oils were estimated from film thickness as well as from physical property data. The pressure-viscosity coefficient values of heat-bodied oils increased with increasing viscosity and decreasing temperature and were in the range displayed by such oils as polyol esters, poly-α-olefins, and petroleum-based base oils. Heat-bodied oils provide access to a wide viscosity range of biobased oils not attainable with vegetable oils, without serious negative impact on critical lubricant properties such as viscosity index, film thickness, and pressure-viscosity coefficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16183-16195
Number of pages13
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number42
StatePublished - Oct 22 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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