Blockchain systems store transaction data in the form of a distributed ledger where each peer is to maintain an identical copy. Blockchain systems resemble repetition codes, incurring high storage cost. Recently, distributed storage blockchain (DSB) systems have been proposed to improve storage efficiency by incorporating secret sharing, private key encryption, and information dispersal algorithms. However, the DSB results in significant communication cost when peer failures occur due to denial of service attacks. In this letter, we propose a new DSB approach based on a local secret sharing (LSS) scheme with a hierarchical secret structure of one global secret and several local secrets. The proposed DSB approach with LSS improves the storage and recovery communication costs.
- distributed storage
- secret sharing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modeling and Simulation
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering