Efficacy of residual herbicides influenced by cover-crop residue for control of Amaranthus palmeri and A. tuberculatus in soybean

Clay M. Perkins, Karla L. Gage, Jason K. Norsworthy, Bryan G. Young, Kevin W. Bradley, Mandy D. Bish, Aaron Hager, Lawrence E. Steckel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Field studies were conducted in 2018 and 2019 in Arkansas, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and Tennessee to determine if cover-crop residue interfered with herbicides that provide residual control of Palmer amaranth and waterhemp in no-till soybean. The experiments were established in the fall with planting of cover crops (cereal rye + hairy vetch). Herbicide treatments consisted of a nontreated or no residual, acetochlor, dimethenamid-P, flumioxazin, pyroxasulfone + flumioxazin, pendimethalin, metribuzin, pyroxasulfone, and S-metolachlor. Palmer amaranth took 18 d and waterhemp took 24 d in the cover crop-alone (nontreated) treatment to reach a height of 10 cm. Compared with this treatment, all herbicides except metribuzin increased the number of days until 10-cm Palmer amaranth was present. Flumioxazin applied alone or in a mixture with pyroxasulfone were the best at delaying Palmer amaranth growing to a height of 10 cm (35 d and 33 d, respectively). The herbicides that resulted in the lowest Palmer amaranth density (1.5 to 4 times less) integrated with a cover crop were pyroxasulfone + flumioxazin, flumioxazin, pyroxasulfone, and acetochlor. Those four herbicide treatments also delayed Palmer amaranth emergence for the longest period (27 to 34 d). Waterhemp density was 7 to 14 times less with acetochlor than all the other herbicides present. Yield differences were observed for locations with waterhemp. This research supports previous research indicating that utilizing soil-residual herbicides along with cover crops improves control of Palmer amaranth and/or waterhemp.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-81
Number of pages5
JournalWeed Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Nomenclature: Acetochlor
  • Palmer amaranth, Amaranthus palmeri S. Wats.
  • S-metolachlor
  • cereal rye, Secale cereale L.
  • flumioxazin
  • hairy vetch, Vicia villosa Roth
  • pyroxasulfone
  • soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr.
  • waterhemp, Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq) Sauer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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