Efficacy of nisin derivatives with improved biochemical characteristics, alone and in combination with endolysin PlyP100 to control Listeria monocytogenes in laboratory-scale Queso Fresco

Luis A. Ibarra-Sánchez, Wentao Kong, Ting Lu, Michael J. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nisin is an antimicrobial peptide that is commonly used as a food preservative and capable of inhibiting the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. However, nisin is ineffective in controlling L. monocytogenes in Queso Fresco (QF). To address the challenge, in this work, we used synthetic biology strategies to create a series of nisin A derivatives by substituting residues 27, 30, 31 and 32 with positively charged amino acids (H, K and R). Our results showed that nisin derivatives exhibited reduced antilisterial activity in vitro compared to nisin A; however, they were all more stable under QF-like experimental conditions (pH 7 + 22% milk fat), notably H27/31K. Compared to nisin A, the derivatives H31K and V32K exhibited slight antilisterial improvement in QF and H27/31K was able to reduce the initial population of L. monocytogenes by up to 1.5 Log CFU/g. L. monocytogenes isolates exhibited similar susceptibility to nisin A or H27/31K after 7 or 14 days of nisin exposure in QF. Notably, when combined with endolysin PlyP100, the application of H27/31K resulted in non-enumerable levels of L. monocytogenes after 14 days of cold storage. Our results highlight the potential of bioengineered nisin derivatives for stabilized and enhanced control of L. monocytogenes in QF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103668
JournalFood Microbiology
Volume94
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Endolysin
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Nisin derivatives
  • PlyP100
  • Queso fresco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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