Efficacy of moxidectin 0.5% pour-on against naturally acquired nematode infections in cattle

D. Morin, R. Valdez, C. Lichtensteiger, A. Paul, J. DiPietro, F. Guerino

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The efficacy of 0.5% moxidectin pour-on at two dosages was evaluated in 30 cattle with naturally acquired gastrointestinal nematode infections. The cattle were ranked according to pretreatment fecal egg counts and body weights, and were randomly assigned from replicates to three treatment groups. The mean number of trichostrongyle eggs in pretreatment fecal samples did not differ among the groups. Groups I and II received 0.5% moxidectin pour-on at dosages of 0.25 mg moxidectin per kg body weight and 0.5 mg moxidectin per kg body weight, respectively, and Group III cattle received moxidectin-free vehicle (control cattle). The cattle were euthanized by complete replicate 14 or 15 days posttreatment for recovery of nematodes and examination of the pour-on sites. Treatment with moxidectin was associated with a significant reduction in fecal trichostrongyle egg counts compared with the control cattle; efficacy was 99.7% and >99.9% for cattle in Groups I and II, respectively. Eleven species of adult nematodes (Haemonchus contortus, Haemonchus placei, Ostertagia ostertagi, Trichostrongylus axei, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Bunostomum phlebotomum, Cooperia oncophora, Cooperia puncata, Nematodirus helvetianus, Oesophagostomum radiatum and Trichuris ovis) and 4th stage larvae of Ostertagia spp. and Trichostrongylus spp. were present in sufficient numbers in control cattle to evaluate the efficacy of moxidectin 0.5% pour-on. In all cases, treatment was associated with a significant reduction in the number of nematodes recovered at necropsy, with the efficacy of both dosages exceeding 99.9%. There were no significant differences in mean worm burdens or fecal egg counts between the two treated groups, and no adverse reactions were observed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)75-81
    Number of pages7
    JournalVeterinary parasitology
    Volume65
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 15 1996

    Keywords

    • cattle
    • gastrointestinal nematodes
    • moxidectin
    • topical anthelmintic

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Parasitology
    • veterinary(all)

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