Efficacy and equivalency of an Escherichia coli-derived phytase for replacing inorganic phosphorus in the diets of broiler chickens and young pigs

J. A. Jendza, Ryan Neil Dilger, J. S. Sands, O. Adeola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two studies were conducted to determine the efficacy of an Escherichia coli-derived phytase (ECP) and its equivalency relative to inorganic phosphorus (iP) from monosodium phosphate (MSP). In Exp. 1, one thousand two hundred 1-d-old male broilers were used in a 42-d trial to assess the effect of ECP and iP supplementation on growth performance and nutrient digestibility. Dietary treatments were based on corn-soybean meal basal diets (BD) containing 239 and 221 g of CP, 8.2 and 6.6 g of Ca, and 2.4 and 1.5 g of nonphytate P (nPP) per kg for the starter and grower phases, respectively. Treatments consisted of the BD; the BD + 0.6, 1.2, or 1.8 g of iP from MSP per kg; and the BD + 250, 500, 750, or 1,000 phytase units (FTU) of ECP per kg. Increasing levels of MSP improved gain, gain:feed, and tibia ash (linear, P < 0.01). Increasing levels of ECP improved gain, gain:feed, tibia ash (linear, P < 0.01), apparent ileal digestibility of P, N, Arg, His, Phe, and Trp at d 21 (linear, P < 0.05), and apparent retention of P at d 21 (linear, P < 0.05). Increasing levels of ECP decreased apparent retention of energy (linear, P < 0.01). Five hundred FTU of ECP per kg was determined to be equivalent to the addition of 0.72, 0.78, and 1.19 g of iP from MSP per kg in broiler diets based on gain, feed intake, and bone ash, respectively. In Exp. 2, forty-eight 10-kg pigs were used in a 28-d trial to assess the effect of ECP and iP supplementation on growth performance and nutrient digestibility. Dietary treatments consisted of a positive control containing 6.1 and 3.5 g of Ca and nPP, respectively, per kg; a negative control (NC) containing 4.8 and 1.7 g of Ca and nPP, respectively, per kg; the NC diet plus 0.4, 0.8, or 1.2 g of iP from MSP per kg; and the NC diet plus 500, 750, or 1,000 FTU of ECP per kg. Daily gain improved (linear, P < 0.05) with ECP addition, as did apparent digestibility of Ca and P (linear, P < 0.01). Five hundred FTU of ECP per kg was determined to be equivalent to the addition of 0.49 and 1.00 g of iP from MSP per kg in starter pigs diets, based on ADG and bone ash, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3364-3374
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume84
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Broiler
  • Equivalency
  • Escherichia coli
  • Monosodium phosphate
  • Phytase
  • Pig

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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