Efferent Duct Toxicity with Secondary Testicular Changes in Rats Following Administration of a Novel Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase Inhibitor

David K. la, Dianne M. Creasy, Rex A. Hess, Elizabeth Baxter, Marcia E. Pereira, Charles A. Johnson, Petra Vinken, Sandra S. Snook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The efferent ducts represent an important site of toxicity in the male reproductive tract but are not routinely examined in toxicity studies. This article describes a primary efferent duct toxicity that resulted in secondary testicular changes in rats. Male rats were administered LTI-1, a leukotriene A4 hydrolase inhibitor, at doses up to 250 mg/kg/d for 3 month or 150 mg/kg/d for 6 month. At the highest dose levels, testicular changes were predominantly unilateral and characterized by diffuse dilation or atrophy of the seminiferous tubules. These testicular changes correlated with granulomatous inflammation in the corresponding efferent ducts, suggesting that the mechanism for the testicular changes involves obstruction and impaired fluid reabsorption in the efferent ducts. Subsequent buildup in fluid volume and back-pressure upstream of the blockage cause dilation of the seminiferous tubules, which, in its late stages, progress to tubular atrophy. There are important differences in efferent duct anatomy between rats and larger mammals, including humans, such that the latter are less susceptible to testicular injury by this mechanism. Because of the limited relevance of this rat-specific finding to humans, it is important to distinguish testicular changes secondary to efferent duct toxicity from primary drug-induced testicular toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)705-714
Number of pages10
JournalToxicologic Pathology
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • efferent duct
  • granulomatous inflammation
  • seminiferous tubular atrophy
  • seminiferous tubular dilation
  • testis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Cell Biology

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