Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) can be used to estimate acoustic properties of tissue microstructure. In one approach to QUS, the backscatter coefficient (BSC) is utilized to quantify and classify tissue state. From the BSC, parametric models can be constructed to relate the frequency-dependent BSC to geometrical properties of the underlying tissue. However, most of these parametric models are based on analytic expressions (e.g., Gaussian function) and not on actual tissue morphology. Impedance map analysis has been proposed to help identify sources of ultrasonic scattering in tissues and to develop improved models of scattering. Previously, two-dimensional impedance maps (2DZMs) were demonstrated to provide tissue models of three-dimensional (3D) structures for sparse scattering media. In the current study, 2DZMs analysis of dense scatterer media combining the structure function with impedance map analysis was studied through a series of simulations. The simulation analysis demonstrated that the correlation coefficient and power spectrum could be estimated for a dense collection of spheres using 2DZMs. The current finding implies that 2DZMs can capture information about the 3D spatial positions of scatterers in addition to information about the size and shape of the scatterers for a dense scattering media, which is expected to be encountered in many tissues.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics