A (formula presented) particle, with five atoms constituting a tetrahedral core and 24 atoms constituting a H-terminated reconstructed Si surface was recently proposed as a structural prototype of ultrasmall ultrabright particles prepared by electrochemical dispersion from bulk Si. We replace the H termination with a N linkage (in butylamine) and O linkage (in pentane). The emission band for N-termination downshifts by 0.25 eV from that of H termination, whereas it blueshift 0.070 eV for C termination. We use density-functional approaches to calculate the atomic structures and correction from the quantum Monte Carlo method to estimate the highest occupied-lowest unoccupied molecular-orbital band gap. We find a downshift of 0.25 eV for N termination and very little for C termination. These features are discussed in terms of exciton penetration in the capping material.
|Number of pages
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - 2002
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics