Effects of stoichiometry on stretched premixed flames

J. K. Bechtold, Moshe Matalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Within the framework of slowly varying flames we derive an equation for the burning rate of a flame in a strained flow field under near-stoichiometric conditions. Our expression exhibits a nonlinear dependence of flame speed on the strain rate and depends on the mixture's equivalence ratio as well as two distinct Lewis numbers, corresponding to the fuel and oxidant. For a strained flame, the rate at which a given reactant reaches the reaction zone is strongly affected by its molecular diffusivity. We demonstrate that it is possible for the reactant which is initially in excess to be entirely consumed by the reaction, while the initially deficient reactant leaks through. This is shown to have important implications on the extinction characteristics of the flame. We calculate burning velocities using parameter values typical of several hydrocarbon-air and hydrogen-air mixtures and show that our predictions are in good agreement with experimental results. Copyright (C) 1999 The Combustion Institute.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-232
Number of pages16
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

premixed flames
Stoichiometry
stoichiometry
flames
Hydrocarbons
Air
Oxidants
Strain rate
Hydrogen
Flow fields
Lewis numbers
burning rate
air
strain rate
diffusivity
equivalence
flow distribution
extinction
hydrocarbons
hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Effects of stoichiometry on stretched premixed flames. / Bechtold, J. K.; Matalon, Moshe.

In: Combustion and Flame, Vol. 119, No. 3, 01.11.1999, p. 217-232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bechtold, J. K. ; Matalon, Moshe. / Effects of stoichiometry on stretched premixed flames. In: Combustion and Flame. 1999 ; Vol. 119, No. 3. pp. 217-232.
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