Effects of soil diversity on raindrop erosion under simulated rainfall

Y. Zhao, M. C. Hirschi, J. K. Mitchell, T. R. Ellsworth, R. A. Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Soil losses from a level surface of four Illinois soils under simulated rainfall were measured in the Hydraulics Laboratory of Agricultural Engineering Department of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Several variables affecting soil loss have also been measured, including soil moisture content, bulk density of compacted soil sample, soil aggregate stability; and basic variables for calculating rainfall energy (i.e., raindrop fall velocity, drop size and distribution). Based on these results, the mathematical relationships of soil loss as a function of kinetic energy for Tama, Catlin, Cisne and Plainfield soils were developed. A general prediction model of raindrop erosion as a function of kinetic energy, as a function of kinetic energy and soil clay content, and as a function of kinetic energy and organic matter content are proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPaper - American Society of Agricultural Engineers
StatePublished - 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 ASAE Annual International Meeting. Part 1 (of 3) - Minneapolis, MN, USA
Duration: Aug 10 1997Aug 14 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)


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