Effects of self-efficacy on physical activity enjoyment in college-aged women

Liang Hu, Robert W. Motl, Edward McAuley, James F. Konopack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the effects of exercise self-efficacy on enjoyment of physical activity in a sample of low to moderately active college-aged women (N= 28). Participants were randomized into a low- or high-efficacy condition, and efficacy beliefs for engaging in moderate intensity physical activity were manipulated by providing bogus feedback after a maximal incremental exercise test. All participants completed a 30-min moderate intensity cycling session 2-3 d after the efficacy manipulation. Enjoyment of physical activity was assessed after both the maximal exercise test and the moderate intensity cycling exercise session. Our results indicated that the efficacy manipulation significantly influenced enjoyment of the maximal incremental exercise test. Participants in the low-efficacy condition reported lower enjoyment scores relative to high-efficacy participants following the maximal exercise test. However, enjoyment after the moderate intensity exercise bout did not differ between the two conditions. These results imply that efficacy may be an important influence of physical activity enjoyment, particularly at higher intensities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-96
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2007


  • Enjoyment
  • Physical activity
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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