Effects of propofol-induced sedation on intradermal test reactions in dogs with atopic dermatitis

Lynelle F. Graham, Sheila M.F. Torres, Carl R. Jessen, Kim L. Horne, Paula K. Hendrix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compared the effect of propofol and saline control on intradermal test reactions in dogs with atopic dermatitis undergoing outpatient intradermal testing (IDT). Nineteen dogs were used in this clinical study. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either intravenous (IV) propofol or IV 0.9% saline, and IDT was performed on the right or left (randomized) lateral thorax. One investigator, unaware of the treatments, interpreted all IDT results. Injection sites were analysed using a subjective and objective method. A value of P ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. When all injection sites were subjectively analysed for reactions ≥ 1+ on all dogs, significantly more positive sites were apparent during propofol sedation than during saline administration. In addition, the greater number of individual dogs experiencing more positive reactions ≥ 1+ during propofol sedation was significant. When subjectively analysing reactions ≥ 2+, the greater number of positive reactions and the greater number of dogs with more positive reactions observed during propofol treatment was not significantly different from the saline control. When analysed objectively, the greater number of positive reactions observed during propofol sedation was not significant. A greater number of dogs had higher subjective scores and larger objective measurements during propofol sedation compared with saline administration. In summary, propofol sedation was associated with an overall greater number of positive IDT reactions compared with the saline control. Although not always significant, this difference should be considered when choosing propofol for skin testing dogs with atopic dermatitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-176
Number of pages10
JournalVeterinary dermatology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

Keywords

  • Allergic dermatitis
  • Allergy testing
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Atopy
  • Dog
  • Intradermal allergy test
  • Intradermal skin test
  • Intradermal test
  • Propofol
  • Sedation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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