Effects of narasin (Skycis) on live performance and carcass traits of finishing pigs sold in a three-phase marketing system

E. K. Arkfeld, S. N. Carr, P. J. Rincker, S. L. Gruber, G. L. Allee, A. C. Dilger, D. D. Boler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the effect of feeding narasin (Skycis; Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) on growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs sold in a 3-phase marketing system. Pigs (n = 1,232) were housed in 56 single-sex pens (22 pigs/pen) divided into 2 even blocks based on initiation of treatment. Each treatment × sex combination was replicated 14 times. Pigs were fed either 0 mg/kg narasin (control) or 15 mg/ kg narasin for up to 85 d of finishing (initiated at an average of 52.95 kg BW). In each pen, 18% (4 pigs per pen) of pigs were sold in the first marketing group (Day 64 of dietary treatment), 50% (11 of the original 22) were sold in the second marketing group (Day 78), and 32% (the remaining 7 pigs) were sold in the third marketing group (Day 85). Data were analyzed as a randomized complete block design with pen as the experimental unit. The model included the fixed effects of diet, sex, and their interaction. Block and replicate nested within block were random variables. Carcass data from pigs in marketing group 3 of block 2 was not collected due to inclement weather. Narasin had no effect on growth performance traits (P ≥ 0.15) in phases 1 (Days 1-28) or 2 (Days 29-56), regardless of sex. Barrows fed narasin had a 2.0% greater overall (Day 0-85) ADG than barrows fed the control diet (P < 0.01), but ADG of gilts was not different due to diet (P = 0.69). Regardless of sex, narasin improved (P = 0.03) feed efficiency (G:F) by 1.3% throughout the 85-d feeding period. There were no effects (P ≥ 0.21) of narasin on carcass composition in marketing groups 1 and 2. Narasin-fed barrows in marketing group 3 had 0.9 percentage units lower (P < 0.01) estimated carcass lean compared with barrows fed control diets (51.0 vs. 52.0%); no difference existed in gilts (P = 0.21). This is likely due to narasin-fed barrows of marketing group 3 tending (P = 0.06) to have 7.7% greater fat depth than control barrows of marketing group 3. Pooled effects (across all 3 marketing groups) of feeding narasin tended (P = 0.08) to reduce loin depth by 1.1% (60.00 vs. 60.66 mm), but there were no effects on fat depth (P = 0.24) or estimated carcass lean (P = 0.11). Overall, narasin can be used during the last 85 d of feeding to increase feed efficiency of barrows and gilts with minimal impact on carcass composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5028-5035
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume93
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2015

Keywords

  • Carcass
  • Growth
  • Marketing group
  • Narasin
  • Pig
  • Skycis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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