Effects of intravenous hyperosmotic sodium bicarbonate on arterial and cerebrospinal fluid acid-base status and cardiovascular function in calves with experimentally induced respiratory and strong ion acidosis

Joachim F. Berchtold, Peter D. Constable, Geoffrey W. Smith, Sheerin M. Mathur, Dawn E. Morin, William J. Tranquilli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of hyperosmotic sodium bicarbonate (HSB) administration on arterial and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) acid-base balance and cardiovascular function in calves with experimentally induced respiratory and strong ion (metabolic) acidosis. Ten healthy male Holstein calves (30-47 kg body weight) were instrumented under halothane anesthesia to permit cardiovascular monitoring and collection of blood samples and CSF. Respiratory acidosis was induced by allowing the calves to spontaneously ventilate, and strong ion acidosis was subsequently induced by IV administration of L-lactic acid. Calves were then randomly assigned to receive either HSB (8.4% NaHCO3; 5 ml/kg over 5 minutes, IV; n = 5) or no treatment (controls, n = 5) and monitored for 1 hour. Mixed respiratory and strong ion acidosis was accompanied by increased heart rate, cardiac index, mean arterial pressure, cardiac contractility (maximal rate of change of left ventricular pressure), and mean pulmonary artery pressure. Rapid administration of HSB immediately corrected the strong ion acidosis, transiently increased arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PCO2), and expanded the plasma volume. The transient increase in arterial PCO2 did not alter CSF PCO2 or induce paradoxical CSF acidosis. Compared to untreated control calves, HSB-treated calves had higher cardiac index and contractility and a faster rate of left ventricular relaxation for 1 hour after treatment, indicating that HSB administration improved myocardial systolic function. We conclude that rapid IV administration of HSB provided an effective and safe method for treating strong ion acidosis in normovolemic halothane-anesthetized calves with experimentally induced respiratory and strong ion acidosis. Fear of inducing paradoxical CSF acidosis is not a valid reason for withholding HSB administration in calves with mixed respiratory and strong ion acidosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-251
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of veterinary internal medicine
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Keywords

  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Paradoxical cerebrospinal fluid acidosis
  • Strong ion difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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