Effects of inflammation and aqueous tear film deficiency on conjunctival morphology and ocular mucus composition in cats.

B. W. Johnson, H. E. Whiteley, S. A. McLaughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An experimental model of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) was produced by removing the lacrimal gland and the gland of the third eyelid from the left eye of 6 cats. The right eye of each cat was left intact and used as a control. After 2 weeks, cats were euthanatized and the central portion of the upper eyelid from both eyes of each cat was excised. Histologic sections were stained with either hematoxylin and eosin or with a battery of biotinylated lectins including concanavalin A (conA), soybean agglutinin (SBA), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), succinylated wheat germ agglutinin (S-WGA), Ulex europaeus agglutinin I (UEA), Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA), Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA), peanut agglutinin (PNA), and PNA pretreated with neuraminidase. Consistent differences in histologic features were not observed between conjunctivas with KCS and control conjunctivas. A variable degree of mononuclear cell infiltration of the substantia propria was observed in control conjunctivas and those with KCS. In both groups, conjunctival goblet cell density decreased and epithelial stratification increased as the degree of submucosal inflammatory cell infiltration increased. Lectin binding sites for DBA, WGA, S-WGA, UEA, PNA, and PNA pretreated with neuraminidase were detected on conjunctival goblet cells of conjunctivas with KCS and control conjunctivas. The mucus/glycocalyx layer of conjunctival epithelial cells in both groups of conjunctivas bound lectins RCA, WGA, UEA, and conA, but inconsistently bound S-WGA. In both groups, DBA principally bound to the mucus layer overlying normal epithelium, whereas PNA pretreated with neuraminidase consistently bound to the mucus layer of stratified epithelial surfaces free of goblet cells. Binding of SBA to goblet cells and the mucus/glycocalyx layer was variable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)820-824
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume51
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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