Effects of graded levels of microbial phytase on the standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus in corn and corn coproducts fed to pigs

F. N. Almeida, H. H. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to determine the influence of adding graded levels of microbial phytase to corn, distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), high-protein distillers dried grains (HPDDG), and corn germ on the standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P. A second objective was to develop regression equations to predict the response of adding phytase to each of these ingredients. Four cornbased diets, 4 DDGS-based diets, 4 HP-DDG-based diets, and 4 corn germ-based diets were formulated. The 4 diets with each ingredient were formulated to contain 0, 500, 1,000, or 1,500 phytase units (FTU)/kg. A Pfree diet was also formulated to determine basal endogenous losses of P. A total of 102 pigs (initial BW: 18.2 ± 2.1 kg) were individually housed in metabolism cages equipped with a feeder, a nipple drinker, and a screen floor that allowed for total collection of feces. Pigs were allotted to the 17 diets in a randomized complete block design with 6 replicate pigs per diet. Pigs were fed their respective diets for 12 d, and feces were collected quantitatively from d 6 to 11. Supplementation with 500, 1,000, or 1,500 FTU of microbial phytase/kg increased (linear, P < 0.01; quadratic, P < 0.05) the STTD of P in corn from 40.9 to 67.5, 64.5, and 74.9%, respectively, tended to increase (linear, P = 0.07) the STTD of P in DDGS from 76.9 to 82.9, 82.5, and 83.0%, respectively, increased (linear, P < 0.01; quadratic, P < 0.05) the STTD of P in HP-DDG from 77.1 to 88.0, 84.1, and 86.9%, respectively, and increased (linear and quadratic, P < 0.01) the STTD of P in corn germ from 40.7 to 59.0, 64.4, and 63.2%, respectively. Regression equations were developed to calculate the STTD of P in corn and corn germ, and R2 values were 0.63 and 0.79, respectively. However, for DDGS and HP-DDG, the R2 values were only 0.20 and 0.36, respectively, and these equations were, therefore, not considered adequate to predict the STTD of P. In conclusion, the increase in the STTD of P in corn and corn germ that is a result of microbial phytase can be predicted by regression equations, but microbial phytase has much less of an effect on the STTD of P in DDGS and HP-DDG and responses to addition of graded levels of phytase to these ingredients can, therefore, not be accurately predicted by regression equations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1262-1269
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

Keywords

  • Digestibility
  • Endogenous loss
  • Phosphorus
  • Phytase
  • Pig
  • Standardized total tract digestibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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