Prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata L.) has the potential to be a feedstock for bioethanol. It is native to North America, and has extensive genetic diversity. Eleven natural populations of prairie cordgrass harvested in 2011 and 2012 were studied. Compositions of the samples showed significant differences within the same year, and between the two years. Two highest, one medium and two lowest glucan concentration samples from each year were selected to evaluate ethanol yield after dilute acid pretreatment and simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation using Saccharomyces cerevisiae SR8 that can ferment both glucose and xylose. Up to 88% of theoretical ethanol yields were achieved. Our research demonstrates the potential of prairie cordgrass as a dedicated energy crop with ethanol yields of 205.0-275.6. g/kg biomass and 1748-4368. L/ha, depending on feedstock composition and biomass yield. These ethanol yields are comparable with those of switchgrass, corn stover and bagasse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - May 1 2015


  • Dilute acid pretreatment
  • Engineered yeast
  • Ethanol yields
  • Genetic variation
  • Prairie cordgrass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of genetic variation and growing condition of prairie cordgrass on feedstock composition and ethanol yield'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this