Effects of feeding roasted safflower seeds (variety IL-111) and fish oil on dry matter intake, performance and milk fatty acid profiles in dairy cattle

A. R. Alizadeh, M. Alikhani, G. R. Ghorbani, H. R. Rahmani, L. Rashidi, J. J. Loor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Safflower seed has the highest concentration of linoleic acid among 80 oilseeds but little information exists on the effective use of SS for lactation cows. It was hypothesised that a diet supplemented with an Iranian SS variety (IL-111) in combination with fish oil (FO) would result in higher concentrations of trans-18:1 (including vaccenic acid) and conjugated linoleic acids in milk fat than feeding an unsupplemented control diet. Our objective was to determine the effects of feeding diets containing: (i) Control: (C); (ii) 25g of roasted SS IL-111 (RSS); (iii) 20g FO and (iv) 25g RSS+10g FO (RSS+FO) per kilogram of dietary DM on feed intake, ruminal fermentation, milk production and fatty acid profile. Eight multiparous Holstein cows were used in a replicated 4×4 Latin square design study. The experiment had four periods of 21days. Milk Fat percentage was lower (p<0.01) with FO supplementation and averaged 19.0 and 21.5g/kg milk with FO and RSS+FO compared with 30.3 and 32.5g/kg with C and RSS. Feed intake also was lower (p<0.01) with FO vs. C (23.1 vs. 24.5kg/day) but feeding RSS resulted in greater feed intake compared with other treatments (26kg/day). Despite lower feed intake with FO, milk production did not change from controls but feeding RSS+FO resulted in greater milk yield than controls (42.6 vs. 39.3kg/day). Ruminal pH was greater (p<0.01) in cows fed FO than other treatments. Supplemental FO alone or in combination with RSS resulted in dramatic increases (p<0.01) in c9,t11-18:2 in milk fat (12.7 and 13.2g/day vs. 5.8 and 7.02 with C and RSS). It was surprising to note that 25g/kg RSS can improve feed intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)466-473
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Volume96
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Keywords

  • Dairy cattle
  • Dry matter intake
  • Fish oil
  • Milk fatty acids
  • Roasted safflower seed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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