Effects of extended-release eprinomectin on fescue toxicosis, performance, and reproduction on fall-calving beef cows

Mareah J. Volk, Taylor R. Krause, Rebecca S. Stokes, Frank A. Ireland, Daniel W. Shike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to evaluate effects of extended-release eprinomectin on fescue toxicosis and impacts on performance and reproduction in fall-calving beef cows. Fall-calving Angus × Simmental multiparous cows [n = 335; age = 5.8 ± 2.1 yr; 586.5 ± 6.0 kg body weight (BW); 5.48 ± 0.05 body condition score (BCS)] were stratified by BW, age, and BCS and randomly assigned to one of three treatments. Treatments included a spring injection of extended-release eprinomectin (SERE) on day 0, a fall injection of extended-release eprinomectin injection (FERE) on day 84, and a saline control (CON). All treatments were administered at a rate of 1 mL/50 kg BW. Prior to the experiment, all cows were treated with oral fenbendazole to minimize parasite load. Cows grazed endophyte-infected tall fescue. Hair coat score (HCS), BW, and BCS were recorded on all cattle. Fecal egg count (FEC), respiration rate (RR), horn fly and tick count, hematocrit (% packed cell volume, PCV), and serum prolactin were analyzed on a subset of cows (35/treatment). On day 194, cows were artificially inseminated (AI) and 11 d following AI were exposed to bulls for 51 d. Milk production was estimated on day 210 on a subset of 85 cow-calf pairs (28-29/treatment). There was a tendency for a treatment × time interaction (P = 0.07) for FEC likely driven by an increase in FEC of the CON cattle at day 126 compared to SERE and FERE. There was a tendency for a treatment × time interaction (P = 0.06) for cow BW, largely driven by time differences; however, there was no effect of treatment (P = 0.84) on BW. There was no difference (P ≥ 0.13) in cow PCV, fly and tick count, BCS, HCS, RR, and serum prolactin throughout the experiment. Additionally, there was no difference (P ≥ 0.46) in Julian calving date, calf birth BW, or milk production between treatments. Interestingly, heifer calves born to FERE dams tended to have greater (P = 0.06) weaning BW compared to heifer calves born to CON dams. In addition, there was no difference (P ≥ 0.17) in heat patch scores, AI conception rates, or overall pregnancy rates between treatments. Extended-release eprinomectin did not impact cow growth performance, reproductive performance or fescue toxicity symptoms when grazing endophyte-infected tall fescue; however, calf weaning BW tended to be improved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1423-1434
Number of pages12
JournalTranslational Animal Science
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Keywords

  • beef cow
  • eprinomectin
  • fescue toxicosis
  • reproduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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