Fumonisin mycotoxicosis in pigs causes a decrease in mean aortic pressure, an increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure, and increases in serum concentrations of sphinganine (3.2 μM) and sphingosine (1.4 μM). To determine a causal relationship between the hemodynamic changes and sphingolipid alterations, we examined the in vitro effects of sphinganine, sphingosine, and sphingosine-1-phosphate on porcine aortic and pulmonary arterial rings. Both sphinganine and sphingosine relaxed uncontracted and phenylephrine-contracted aortic rings at ≥10 μM and ≥1 μM, respectively. Sphingosine (≥10 μM) relaxed uncontracted and phenylephrine-contracted pulmonary arterial rings, whereas sphingosine-1-phosphate (10 μM) contracted pulmonary arterial rings. Sphingosine (3 μM) also impaired the contractile response of pulmonary artery rings to 60 mM KCl. The results suggested that the systemic hypotension caused by fumonisin is mediated, in part, by increases in serum sphinganine and sphingosine concentrations, and the pulmonary hypertension is mediated, in part, by increased sphingosine-1-phosphate concentrations.
- Aortic and pulmonary arterial rings
- Fumonisin mycotoxicosis
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