Effects of estrus synchronization using Matrix® followed by treatment with the GnRH agonist triptorelin to control ovulation in mature gilts

R. V. Knox, S. K. Webel, M. Swanson, M. E. Johnston, R. R. Kraeling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Estrus and ovulation responses in Matrix-treated gilts may affect ovulation synchrony in response to triptorelin. In experiment 1, estrus and ovulation measures at 12 h intervals after last Matrix feeding (LMF) were analyzed. For the 398 gilts that displayed estrus, 87.4% were detected on Days 6–8 after LMF. Duration of estrus was 24–60 h for 85.6% of gilts and negatively correlated with interval from LMF to estrus (r = −0.53, P < 0.0001). The estrus to ovulation interval was positively correlated with duration of estrus (r = 0.61, P < 0.0001). In experiment 2, gilts (n = 96) received intravaginal treatment with 2 mL of gel containing placebo (Control) at 96 h, 200 μg of triptorelin at 96 h (TRP96), 120 h (TRP120) or 144 h (TRP144) after LMF. Estrus measures did not differ (P > 0.10) among treatments. The proportion of gilts ovulating 32–56 h after treatment was greater for TRP120 and TRP144 (P < 0.01) compared to other treatments. The treatment to ovulation intervals for all triptorelin treatments were shorter (P < 0.001) than Control. In experiment 3, gilts (n = 86) received placebo (Control), 100 μg (TRP100), 200 μg (TRP200), or 400 μg (TRP400) of triptorelin at 120 h after LMF. There was no effect of treatment (P > 0.10) on estrus or on interval from LMF to estrus. The proportion of gilts ovulating by 40, 48 and 56 h after treatment increased (P < 0.05) with triptorelin compared to Control. Our results indicate that gilts receiving 100–400 μg of triptorelin at 120 h after LMF had the greatest ovulation synchrony 24–48 h following treatment. These studies provide important information for developing a procedure for a single insemination in synchronized gilts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-74
Number of pages9
JournalAnimal reproduction science
StatePublished - Oct 2017


  • Estrus
  • Gilts
  • GnRH
  • Matrix
  • Ovulation
  • Synchronization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology

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