Effects of dietary vegetable oils on mammary lipid-related genes in holstein dairy cows

Einar Vargas-Bello-pérez, Carolina Geldsetzer-Mendoza, Nathaly Cancino-Padilla, María Sol Morales, Heidi Leskinen, Philip C. Garnsworthy, Juan J. Loor, Jaime Romero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study analyzed effects of vegetable oils fed to dairy cows on abundance of genes related to lipid metabolism in milk somatic cells (MSC). During 63 days, 15 cows were allocated to 3 treatments: a control diet with no added lipid the same diet supplemented with olive oil (OO, 30 g/kg DM) or hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO, 30 g/kg DM). On days 21, 42 and 63, MSC were obtained from all cows. Relative abundance of genes involved in lipid metabolism in MSC from cows fed control on days 42 and 63 was compared with relative abundance at day 21 to evaluate fold-changes. Those genes without changes over the time were selected to analyze effects of OO and HVO. Compared with control, on day 42, PLIN2 and THRSP were upregulated by OO. Compared with control, on day 21, HVO up regulated ACACA, down regulated FABP3, and on day 63 THRSP and FABP4 were down regulated. Dietary oil supplementation (3% DM) had a modest nutrigenomic effect on different biological functions such as acetate and FA activation and intra-cellular transport, lipid droplet formation, and transcription regulation in MSC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number57
JournalAnimals
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Gene abundance
  • Mammary gland
  • Milk somatic cells
  • Olive oil
  • Transcriptomic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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