Effects of acclimation temperature on critical thermal limits and swimming performance of the state-endangered bigeye chub hybopsis amblops

Qihong Dai, Cory D. Suski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thermal stress can directly affect the survival of fishes and indirectly impact fish populations through several processes, including impaired swimming performance. Bigeye chub Hybopsis amblops is a state-endangered species in Illinois and is disappearing in the northern portion of its native range in North America. Limited temperature tolerance information exists on this species. The aim of this study was to define the impacts of 2 acclimation temperatures on the performance and behavior of bigeye chub. To accomplish this, we conducted 2 assays: critical thermal maximum (CTmax) testing for upper thermal tolerance limits, and swimming performance testing for critical swimming speed (Ucrit) and burst swimming ability. With a 5°C acclimation temperature increase from 21 to 26°C, the CTmax of bigeye chub increased from 32.8 ± 0.4°C to 36.4 ± 0.9°C. Ucrit was not different across acclimation temperatures, and fish from both acclimation groups could swim up to over 10 body lengths (BL) s−1. Burst swimming duration also did not differ statistically across groups, but bigeye chub from the 26°C group swam 27% longer in duration relative to fish from the 21°C group. Results from this study can help guide the protection and restoration of bigeye chub populations from thermal stressors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-147
Number of pages11
JournalAquatic Biology
Volume28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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acclimation
heat
heat tolerance
Hypsithermal
fish
temperature
temperature tolerance
duration
thermal stress
twenty first century
endangered species
body length
tolerance
testing
Hybopsis
effect
assay
assays

Keywords

  • AT
  • Burst swimming
  • CT
  • Endangered
  • Global warming
  • Range distribution
  • Thermal tolerance
  • U

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

Cite this

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abstract = "Thermal stress can directly affect the survival of fishes and indirectly impact fish populations through several processes, including impaired swimming performance. Bigeye chub Hybopsis amblops is a state-endangered species in Illinois and is disappearing in the northern portion of its native range in North America. Limited temperature tolerance information exists on this species. The aim of this study was to define the impacts of 2 acclimation temperatures on the performance and behavior of bigeye chub. To accomplish this, we conducted 2 assays: critical thermal maximum (CTmax) testing for upper thermal tolerance limits, and swimming performance testing for critical swimming speed (Ucrit) and burst swimming ability. With a 5°C acclimation temperature increase from 21 to 26°C, the CTmax of bigeye chub increased from 32.8 ± 0.4°C to 36.4 ± 0.9°C. Ucrit was not different across acclimation temperatures, and fish from both acclimation groups could swim up to over 10 body lengths (BL) s−1. Burst swimming duration also did not differ statistically across groups, but bigeye chub from the 26°C group swam 27{\%} longer in duration relative to fish from the 21°C group. Results from this study can help guide the protection and restoration of bigeye chub populations from thermal stressors.",
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