Effects of a multielement trace mineral injection and vitamin E supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics, and color stability of strip steaks from feedlot heifers

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Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the interaction of a trace mineral (TM) injection (Multimin 90) and a supranutritional concentration of dietary vitamin E (VITE) on performance, carcass characteristics, and color stability of strip steaks from feedlot heifers. Prior to trial initiation, Angus × Simmental cross heifers (N = 48) were managed on a common diet supplemented to meet the NRC recommendations. Heifers were stratified by BW and allotted to a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement: 1) no supplemental vitamin E and saline injection (CONT + SAL), 2) 1,000 IU vitamin E·heifer −1·d −1 and saline injection (VITE + SAL), 3) no supplemental vitamin E and TM injection (CONT + MM), or 4) vitamin E and TM injection (VITE + MM). Trace mineral injection contained 15, 10, 5, and 60 mg/mL of Cu, Mn, Se, and Zn, respectively, and TM injection or saline injection (1 mL/68 kg BW) were given on day 0 of the 89-d finishing period. All heifers were fed a common diet containing a basal concentration of 19.8 IU/kg DM vitamin E. Heifers were slaughtered and loins sections were collected. Strip steaks were cut and placed in overwrap trays for evaluation of color stability for 16 d. Data were analyzed using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Color stability data were analyzed as repeated measures. Neither TM injection nor VITE had an effect on final BW, DMI, or G:F (P ≥ 0.12). There was a tendency (P = 0.09) for TM injection to increase ADG. A tendency (P = 0.08) was observed for TM injection to increase DMI of heifers receiving supranutritional VITE. Trace mineral injection and VITE had no effect on HCW, yield grade, 12th-rib backfat thickness, or ribeye area (P ≥ 0.34). Marbling scores tended to increase (P = 0.08) in VITE heifers compared with control-fed heifers. Vitamin E supplementation decreased final lipid oxidation (1.00 vs. 1.97 µg malondialdehyde/g fat, P = 0.03) and total visual discoloration (15.82% vs. 33.96%, P = 0.04) of steaks compared with steaks from nonsupplemented heifers. Heifers fed supranutritional VITE produced steaks that maintained retail color longer shown by lower hue angle values (38.17° vs. 38.66°, P < 0.01) than nonsupplemented heifers. A TM injection × vitamin E × day interaction (P < 0.01) revealed by day 16 steaks from the CONT + MM heifers exhibited greater discoloration than VITE + SAL and VITE + MM steaks with CONT + SAL intermediate. Overall, VITE improved color stability and TM injection appeared to increase discoloration of strip steaks from feedlot heifers after day 14 of display.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1745-1756
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume96
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2018

Fingerprint

steaks
Trace Elements
feedlots
Vitamin E
carcass characteristics
vitamin E
trace elements
heifers
Color
injection
Injections
color
discoloration
Diet
Tocopherols
marbling
Ribs
Simmental
Malondialdehyde
Angus

Keywords

  • Beef
  • Color stability
  • Heifers
  • Trace mineral
  • Vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

Cite this

@article{5a30f2a0675944f8b41727d34c385b1f,
title = "Effects of a multielement trace mineral injection and vitamin E supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics, and color stability of strip steaks from feedlot heifers",
abstract = "The objective was to evaluate the interaction of a trace mineral (TM) injection (Multimin 90) and a supranutritional concentration of dietary vitamin E (VITE) on performance, carcass characteristics, and color stability of strip steaks from feedlot heifers. Prior to trial initiation, Angus × Simmental cross heifers (N = 48) were managed on a common diet supplemented to meet the NRC recommendations. Heifers were stratified by BW and allotted to a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement: 1) no supplemental vitamin E and saline injection (CONT + SAL), 2) 1,000 IU vitamin E·heifer −1·d −1 and saline injection (VITE + SAL), 3) no supplemental vitamin E and TM injection (CONT + MM), or 4) vitamin E and TM injection (VITE + MM). Trace mineral injection contained 15, 10, 5, and 60 mg/mL of Cu, Mn, Se, and Zn, respectively, and TM injection or saline injection (1 mL/68 kg BW) were given on day 0 of the 89-d finishing period. All heifers were fed a common diet containing a basal concentration of 19.8 IU/kg DM vitamin E. Heifers were slaughtered and loins sections were collected. Strip steaks were cut and placed in overwrap trays for evaluation of color stability for 16 d. Data were analyzed using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Color stability data were analyzed as repeated measures. Neither TM injection nor VITE had an effect on final BW, DMI, or G:F (P ≥ 0.12). There was a tendency (P = 0.09) for TM injection to increase ADG. A tendency (P = 0.08) was observed for TM injection to increase DMI of heifers receiving supranutritional VITE. Trace mineral injection and VITE had no effect on HCW, yield grade, 12th-rib backfat thickness, or ribeye area (P ≥ 0.34). Marbling scores tended to increase (P = 0.08) in VITE heifers compared with control-fed heifers. Vitamin E supplementation decreased final lipid oxidation (1.00 vs. 1.97 µg malondialdehyde/g fat, P = 0.03) and total visual discoloration (15.82{\%} vs. 33.96{\%}, P = 0.04) of steaks compared with steaks from nonsupplemented heifers. Heifers fed supranutritional VITE produced steaks that maintained retail color longer shown by lower hue angle values (38.17° vs. 38.66°, P < 0.01) than nonsupplemented heifers. A TM injection × vitamin E × day interaction (P < 0.01) revealed by day 16 steaks from the CONT + MM heifers exhibited greater discoloration than VITE + SAL and VITE + MM steaks with CONT + SAL intermediate. Overall, VITE improved color stability and TM injection appeared to increase discoloration of strip steaks from feedlot heifers after day 14 of display.",
keywords = "Beef, Color stability, Heifers, Trace mineral, Vitamin E",
author = "Harsh, {Bailey N.} and Dilger, {Anna Carol} and Boler, {Dustin Dee} and Shike, {Daniel William}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1093/jas/sky124",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "96",
pages = "1745--1756",
journal = "Journal of Animal Science",
issn = "0021-8812",
publisher = "American Society of Animal Science",
number = "5",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a multielement trace mineral injection and vitamin E supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics, and color stability of strip steaks from feedlot heifers

AU - Harsh, Bailey N.

AU - Dilger, Anna Carol

AU - Boler, Dustin Dee

AU - Shike, Daniel William

PY - 2018/5/4

Y1 - 2018/5/4

N2 - The objective was to evaluate the interaction of a trace mineral (TM) injection (Multimin 90) and a supranutritional concentration of dietary vitamin E (VITE) on performance, carcass characteristics, and color stability of strip steaks from feedlot heifers. Prior to trial initiation, Angus × Simmental cross heifers (N = 48) were managed on a common diet supplemented to meet the NRC recommendations. Heifers were stratified by BW and allotted to a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement: 1) no supplemental vitamin E and saline injection (CONT + SAL), 2) 1,000 IU vitamin E·heifer −1·d −1 and saline injection (VITE + SAL), 3) no supplemental vitamin E and TM injection (CONT + MM), or 4) vitamin E and TM injection (VITE + MM). Trace mineral injection contained 15, 10, 5, and 60 mg/mL of Cu, Mn, Se, and Zn, respectively, and TM injection or saline injection (1 mL/68 kg BW) were given on day 0 of the 89-d finishing period. All heifers were fed a common diet containing a basal concentration of 19.8 IU/kg DM vitamin E. Heifers were slaughtered and loins sections were collected. Strip steaks were cut and placed in overwrap trays for evaluation of color stability for 16 d. Data were analyzed using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Color stability data were analyzed as repeated measures. Neither TM injection nor VITE had an effect on final BW, DMI, or G:F (P ≥ 0.12). There was a tendency (P = 0.09) for TM injection to increase ADG. A tendency (P = 0.08) was observed for TM injection to increase DMI of heifers receiving supranutritional VITE. Trace mineral injection and VITE had no effect on HCW, yield grade, 12th-rib backfat thickness, or ribeye area (P ≥ 0.34). Marbling scores tended to increase (P = 0.08) in VITE heifers compared with control-fed heifers. Vitamin E supplementation decreased final lipid oxidation (1.00 vs. 1.97 µg malondialdehyde/g fat, P = 0.03) and total visual discoloration (15.82% vs. 33.96%, P = 0.04) of steaks compared with steaks from nonsupplemented heifers. Heifers fed supranutritional VITE produced steaks that maintained retail color longer shown by lower hue angle values (38.17° vs. 38.66°, P < 0.01) than nonsupplemented heifers. A TM injection × vitamin E × day interaction (P < 0.01) revealed by day 16 steaks from the CONT + MM heifers exhibited greater discoloration than VITE + SAL and VITE + MM steaks with CONT + SAL intermediate. Overall, VITE improved color stability and TM injection appeared to increase discoloration of strip steaks from feedlot heifers after day 14 of display.

AB - The objective was to evaluate the interaction of a trace mineral (TM) injection (Multimin 90) and a supranutritional concentration of dietary vitamin E (VITE) on performance, carcass characteristics, and color stability of strip steaks from feedlot heifers. Prior to trial initiation, Angus × Simmental cross heifers (N = 48) were managed on a common diet supplemented to meet the NRC recommendations. Heifers were stratified by BW and allotted to a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement: 1) no supplemental vitamin E and saline injection (CONT + SAL), 2) 1,000 IU vitamin E·heifer −1·d −1 and saline injection (VITE + SAL), 3) no supplemental vitamin E and TM injection (CONT + MM), or 4) vitamin E and TM injection (VITE + MM). Trace mineral injection contained 15, 10, 5, and 60 mg/mL of Cu, Mn, Se, and Zn, respectively, and TM injection or saline injection (1 mL/68 kg BW) were given on day 0 of the 89-d finishing period. All heifers were fed a common diet containing a basal concentration of 19.8 IU/kg DM vitamin E. Heifers were slaughtered and loins sections were collected. Strip steaks were cut and placed in overwrap trays for evaluation of color stability for 16 d. Data were analyzed using the MIXED procedure of SAS. Color stability data were analyzed as repeated measures. Neither TM injection nor VITE had an effect on final BW, DMI, or G:F (P ≥ 0.12). There was a tendency (P = 0.09) for TM injection to increase ADG. A tendency (P = 0.08) was observed for TM injection to increase DMI of heifers receiving supranutritional VITE. Trace mineral injection and VITE had no effect on HCW, yield grade, 12th-rib backfat thickness, or ribeye area (P ≥ 0.34). Marbling scores tended to increase (P = 0.08) in VITE heifers compared with control-fed heifers. Vitamin E supplementation decreased final lipid oxidation (1.00 vs. 1.97 µg malondialdehyde/g fat, P = 0.03) and total visual discoloration (15.82% vs. 33.96%, P = 0.04) of steaks compared with steaks from nonsupplemented heifers. Heifers fed supranutritional VITE produced steaks that maintained retail color longer shown by lower hue angle values (38.17° vs. 38.66°, P < 0.01) than nonsupplemented heifers. A TM injection × vitamin E × day interaction (P < 0.01) revealed by day 16 steaks from the CONT + MM heifers exhibited greater discoloration than VITE + SAL and VITE + MM steaks with CONT + SAL intermediate. Overall, VITE improved color stability and TM injection appeared to increase discoloration of strip steaks from feedlot heifers after day 14 of display.

KW - Beef

KW - Color stability

KW - Heifers

KW - Trace mineral

KW - Vitamin E

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