Effects of a DVD-delivered exercise program on patterns of sedentary behavior in older adults: A randomized controlled trial

J. Fanning, G. Porter, E. A. Awick, T. R. Wójcicki, N. P. Gothe, S. A. Roberts, D. K. Ehlers, Robert W Motl, E. McAuley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: In the present study, we examined the influence of a home-based, DVD-delivered exercise intervention on daily sedentary time and breaks in sedentary time in older adults. Methods: Between 2010 and 2012, older adults (i.e., aged 65 or older) residing in Illinois (N = 307) were randomized into a 6-month home-based, DVD-delivered exercise program (i.e., FlexToBa; FTB) or a waitlist control. Participants completed measurements prior to the first week (baseline), following the intervention period (month 6), and after a 6 month no-contact follow-up (month 12). Sedentary behavior was measured objectively using accelerometers for 7 consecutive days at each time point. Differences in daily sedentary time and breaks between groups and across the three time points were examined using mixed-factor analysis of variance (mixed ANOVA) and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Results: Mixed ANOVA models revealed that daily minutes of sedentary time did not differ by group or time. The FTB condition, however, demonstrated a greater number of daily breaks in sedentary time relative to the control condition (p = .02). ANCOVA models revealed a non-significant effect favoring FTB at month 6, and a significant difference between groups at month 12 (p = .02). Conclusions: While overall sedentary time did not differ between groups, the DVD-delivered exercise intervention was effective for maintaining a greater number of breaks when compared with the control condition. Given the accumulating evidence emphasizing the importance of breaking up sedentary time, these findings have important implications for the design of future health behavior interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-243
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

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Randomized Controlled Trials
Analysis of Variance
Health Behavior
Statistical Factor Analysis

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Exercise
  • Health behavior
  • Interventions
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Effects of a DVD-delivered exercise program on patterns of sedentary behavior in older adults : A randomized controlled trial. / Fanning, J.; Porter, G.; Awick, E. A.; Wójcicki, T. R.; Gothe, N. P.; Roberts, S. A.; Ehlers, D. K.; Motl, Robert W; McAuley, E.

In: Preventive Medicine Reports, Vol. 3, 01.06.2016, p. 238-243.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fanning, J. ; Porter, G. ; Awick, E. A. ; Wójcicki, T. R. ; Gothe, N. P. ; Roberts, S. A. ; Ehlers, D. K. ; Motl, Robert W ; McAuley, E. / Effects of a DVD-delivered exercise program on patterns of sedentary behavior in older adults : A randomized controlled trial. In: Preventive Medicine Reports. 2016 ; Vol. 3. pp. 238-243.
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AU - Gothe, N. P.

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