Effectiveness of internet-based behavioral activation on quality of life among young adult survivors of childhood brain tumor: a randomized controlled trial

Teresa Ann Grenawalt, Timothy N. Tansey, Brian N. Phillips, David R. Strauser, David A. Rosenthal, Stacia Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Diagnosis and treatment of childhood brain tumor have detrimental effects on physical, neurocognitive, psychological, and social functioning that lasts into adulthood and effects quality of life (QOL). To address diminished QOL, an Internet-based behavioral activation (BA) intervention was developed. Behavioral activation aims to increase activities and behaviors likely to improve thoughts, mood, and QOL. Methods: Participants included 127 young adult survivors of childhood brain tumor (SCBT) randomized into the experimental group (n= 64) or the waitlist control group (n= 63). The dependent variables included: life satisfaction, stress, and activation and were assessed with a two-way mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: Results revealed a significant interaction between the intervention and time on life satisfaction, F(1, 125)=4.793, p = 0.03. There were no significant main effects over time for perceived stress and activation. Conclusions: Findings offer initial evidence that BA can be delivered over the internet and that Internet-delivered BA can have a positive effect on the QOL of young adult SCBT. Internet-based BA interventions can serve as a resource for young adult SCBT who desire to boost their mood and QOL.Implications for rehabilitation Behavioral activation (BA) is aimed at increasing positively reinforcing overt behaviors that are likely to promote improved thoughts, mood, and quality of life (QOL). Results indicated study participants in the experimental group demonstrated a significant gain in life satisfaction compared to the control group after receiving the Internet-based BA intervention; and provides support that the intervention was associated with positive changes across time. Findings offer initial evidence that BA can be delivered over the internet and that Internet-delivered BA can have a positive effect on the QOL of young adult survivors of childhood brain tumor (SCBT). Internet-based BA interventions can serve as a resource for young adult SCBT who desire to boost their mood and QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Activity scheduling
  • behavioral activation
  • brain tumor
  • quality of life
  • randomized controlled trial
  • young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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