Effective action and electromagnetic response of topological superconductors and Majorana-mass Weyl fermions

Michael Stone, Pedro L.E.S. Lopes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Motivated by an apparent paradox in [X.-L. Qi, E. Witten, and S.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 87, 134519 (2013)PRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.87.134519], we use the method of gauged Wess-Zumino-Witten functionals to construct an effective action for a Weyl fermion with a Majorana mass that arises from coupling to a charged condensate. We obtain expressions for the current induced by an external gauge field and observe that the topological part of the current is only one-third of that that might have been expected from the gauge anomaly. The anomaly is not changed by the induced mass gap, however. The topological current is supplemented by a conventional supercurrent that provides the remaining two-thirds of the anomaly once the equation of motion for the Goldstone mode is satisfied. We apply our formula for the current to resolve the apparent paradox and also to the chiral magnetic effect (CME), where it predicts a reduction of the CME current to one-third of its value for a free Weyl gas in thermal equilibrium. We attribute this reduction to a partial cancellation of the CME by a chiral vortical effect current arising from the persistent rotation of the fluid induced by the external magnetic field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume93
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - May 3 2016

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Fermions
Superconducting materials
Gages
fermions
electromagnetism
magnetic effects
Induced currents
Equations of motion
Gases
paradoxes
anomalies
Magnetic fields
Fluids
functionals
cancellation
condensates
equations of motion
fluids
gases
magnetic fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Effective action and electromagnetic response of topological superconductors and Majorana-mass Weyl fermions. / Stone, Michael; Lopes, Pedro L.E.S.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 93, No. 17, 03.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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