Effect of the condenser subcooling on the performance of vapor compression systems

Gustavo Pottker, Pega Hrnjak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a theoretical study about the effect of condenser subcooling on the performance of vapor-compression systems. It is shown that, as condenser subcooling increases, the COP reaches a maximum as a result of a trade-off between increasing refrigerating effect and specific compression work. The thermodynamic properties associated with the relative increase in refrigerating effect, i.e. liquid specific heat and latent heat of vaporization, are dominant to determine the maximum COP improvement with condenser subcooling. Refrigerants with large latent heat of vaporization tend to benefit less from condenser subcooling. For an air conditioning system, results indicate that the R1234yf (+8.4%) would benefit the most from condenser subcooling in comparison to R410A (7.0%), R134a (5.9%) and R717 (2.7%) due to its smaller latent heat of vaporization. On the other hand, the value of COP maximizing subcooling does not seem to be a strong function of thermodynamic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-164
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
StatePublished - Feb 2015


  • Alternative refrigerants
  • Coefficient of performance (COP)
  • Condenser
  • Refrigerant charge
  • Subcooling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of the condenser subcooling on the performance of vapor compression systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this