Effect of synthetic fibers on structural behavior of concrete slabs-on-ground

Jeffery R. Roesler, Salah A. Altoubat, David A. Lange, Klaus Alexander Rieder, Gregory R. Ulreich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Large-scale load testing was completed on both plain and fiber-reinforced concrete slabs-on-ground. The fiber-reinforced concrete used a new synthetic macrofiber. Although the synthetic fibers did not alter the tensile cracking load of the plain concrete slab, the flexural cracking load of the plain concrete slab was increased by 25 and 32% with synthetic fiber addition of 0.32 and 0.48% by volume, respectively, for the center loading configuration. Similarly, synthetic fibers at 0.48% volume fraction increased the flexural cracking load of plain concrete slab under edge loading by 28%. The ultimate load capacity of the plain concrete slab under center loading was increased by 20 and 34% with the addition of 0.32 and 0.48% synthetic fibers, respectively. Embedded strain gauges in the concrete slabs and deflection profile measurements indicated the fibers effectively distributed the load throughout the slab volume as cracking progressed, resulting in the increased concrete slab flexural and ultimate capacities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-10
Number of pages8
JournalACI Materials Journal
Volume103
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Keywords

  • Fibers
  • Slabs
  • Strength
  • Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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